Hazardous Substances, Infections and Diseases



“I find Arinite professional, responsive and committed to ensuring excellent health and safety practices within the workplace and within our resident’s homes.

I would recommend Arinite, they are responsive and reply very quickly to correspondence.

In addition to this our consultant is highly knowledgeable and is able to give us up to date information and guidance on a wide range of health and safety matters.

Having an independent person to run scenarios and situations past has resulted in reduced costs for example when we have received reports from insurers.”

Louise Graham,
Housing Operations Manager, Sapphire Independent Housing, June 2017

Hazardous Substances, Infections and Diseases

Care Homes must assess the health risk faced by employees, residents and visitors, to prevent or control exposure to hazardous substances.


The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH) require employers to prevent or control exposure to hazardous substances (including chemicals, dust, fumes, micro-organisms) at work. This duty applies to employees, residents, visitors etc.

Hazardous substances used in care homes include cleaning materials, disinfectants and micro-organisms associated with clinical waste or soiled laundry.

COSHH Key points to consider

  • Assess the risks to staff and others from exposure to hazardous substances.
  • Introduce appropriate precautions to prevent or control the risk.
  • Inform, instruct and train staff about the risks and precautions to be taken.
  • Provide appropriate protective equipment/clothing.
  • Ensure the precautions are used, and procedures followed.
  • Hazardous substances should be safely stored in a locked cupboard out of reach of vulnerable adults.
  • Monitor the exposure of the employees and undertake health surveillance as needed.

Control of Infection

All Care Homes should have an Infection Control Policy that addresses – not a fully exhaustive list:

Download Arinite’s one page Care Sector H&S factsheet – Infection, Prevention and Control (AFS 0550)

  • Education and training of staff in infection-control issues.
  • Use of personal protective equipment including powder-free latex gloves.
  • Protocols on handwashing.
  • Isolation of any infected resident.
  • Aseptic procedures.
  • Disinfection and decontamination including domestic cleaning.
  • Ill-health reporting and recording.
  • Generation, collection and disposal of clinical waste.
  • Monitoring, surveillance and audit.
  • For at risk staff, prevention of exposure to blood-borne viruses, including prevention of sharps injuries and immunisation policies.

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